What causes a child to have special needs?

What causes a child to be special needs?

These factors include genetics; parental health and behaviors (such as smoking and drinking) during pregnancy; complications during birth; infections the mother might have during pregnancy or the baby might have very early in life; and exposure of the mother or child to high levels of environmental toxins, such as lead …

What are the chances of having a special needs child?

Chromosomal anomalies that cause disability in babies

Most babies are born healthy and without disability. In about 1 in 25 pregnancies, an unborn baby has a chromosomal anomaly or other condition that leads to disability. These conditions and disabilities vary a lot, from mild to severe.

What conditions are special needs?

There are four major types of special needs children: Physical – muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, chronic asthma, epilepsy, etc. Developmental – down syndrome, autism, dyslexia, processing disorders. Behavioral/Emotional – ADD, bi-polar, oppositional defiance disorder, etc.

What are the 5 developmental disabilities?

Examples of developmental disabilities include autism, behavior disorders, brain injury, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, intellectual disability, and spina bifida. For more information, see the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000.

IT IS INTERESTING:  How do I protect my baby from furniture?

How do you raise a child with special needs?

Remember, you’re not alone

  1. Know the condition. Learning everything you can about your child’s condition means you can identify potential medical complications, assist with their development and advocate for them at every stage of life. …
  2. Foster independence. …
  3. Encourage education. …
  4. Play can be therapeutic. …
  5. Join a support group.

What causes a child to be born with disability?

Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life. Birth defects may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors.

What are the 3 main symptoms of autism?

Patterns of Behavior

  • Repetitive behaviors like hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling.
  • Constant moving (pacing) and “hyper” behavior.
  • Fixations on certain activities or objects.
  • Specific routines or rituals (and getting upset when a routine is changed, even slightly)
  • Extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and sound.

What do you do if you think your child has special needs?

What should I do if I think my child has special needs?

  • Your first point of call is your child’s class teacher.It is particularly useful to share information about what you see at home and talk to them about your concerns.
  • If your child is pre-school age speak to your Health visitor or Nursery/Pre-school staff.
Children's blog