Why is iron so important during pregnancy?

Why is it important to take iron during pregnancy?

Your body uses iron to make hemoglobin, a protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen to your tissues. During pregnancy, you need double the amount of iron that nonpregnant women need. Your body needs this iron to make more blood to supply oxygen to your baby.

Which trimester is iron most important?

As pregnancy progresses, iron requirements for fetal growth rise steadily in proportion to the weight of the fetus, with most of the iron accumulating during the third trimester (10; Figure 1).

What happens if you don’t take iron during pregnancy?

Severe or untreated iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy can increase your risk of having: A preterm or low-birth-weight baby. A blood transfusion (if you lose a significant amount of blood during delivery) Postpartum depression.

Why is iron so important?

Iron is an essential element for blood production. About 70 percent of your body’s iron is found in the red blood cells of your blood called hemoglobin and in muscle cells called myoglobin. Hemoglobin is essential for transferring oxygen in your blood from the lungs to the tissues.

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What are the side effects of iron tablets during pregnancy?

Although our bodies can store a certain amount of extra iron, higher-dose iron supplements may cause side effects. These include, in particular, gastrointestinal (stomach and bowel) problems like constipation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

When should iron be taken during pregnancy?

An appropriate time to begin iron supplementation at a dose of 30 mg/day is after about week 12 of gestation (the beginning of the second trimester), when the iron requirements for pregnancy begin to increase.

How much iron do I need? The amount of iron you need is: 8.7mg a day for men over 18. 14.8mg a day for women aged 19 to 50.

Which week does baby grow the most?

Second trimester (14 weeks and 0 days to 27 weeks and 6 days): The time of rapid growth and development. Third trimester (28 weeks and 0 days to 40 weeks and 6 days): The time when the fetus’s weight increases and the organs mature so they will be ready to function after birth.

What should I eat if I have low iron during pregnancy?

Preventing Anemia

  • Eat iron-rich foods such as meat, chicken, fish, eggs, dried beans and fortified grains. …
  • Eat foods high in folic acid, such as dried beans, dark green leafy vegetables, wheat germ and orange juice.
  • Eat foods high in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits and fresh, raw vegetables.

How do you know if your iron is low during pregnancy?

As the condition progresses, signs of anemia in pregnancy may include: Excessive tiredness or weakness. Headaches. Dizziness.

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Can iron tablets make you sick pregnancy?

Iron pills may cause stomach problems, such as heartburn, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, and cramps. Be sure to drink plenty of fluids. And include fruits, vegetables, and fibre in your diet each day. Do not stop taking iron pills without talking to your doctor or midwife first.

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