What causes high tone in babies?
The primary cause of hypertonia is damage or an injury to the brain or spinal cord before, during, or after birth. Hypertonia may be associated with a condition called cerebral [suh-REE-bruhl] palsy [PAWL-zee].
Can babies outgrow hypertonia?
In some cases, such as cerebral palsy, the hypertonia may not change over the course of a lifetime. in other cases, the hypertonia may worsen along with the underlying disease If the hypertonia is mild, it has little or no effect on a person’s health.
How do I know if my baby has high muscle tone?
Children with high muscle tone may have delayed gross and fine motor skill development, have difficulty “relaxing” his/her muscles, maintain a fisted hand beyond 6 months of age, or may present with very stiff legs that appear to move like scissors when standing or attempting movement.
What does a baby with Hypertonia look like?
Hypertonia is increased muscle tone, and lack of flexibility. Children with Hypertonia make stiff movements and have poor balance. They may have difficulty feeding, pulling, walking, or reaching.
What does increased muscle tone look like?
High muscle tone will often present as appearing rigid, it’s generally difficult to move and often involve muscles responsible for flexion, more than extension. In the leg, the knee may have a slight bend, the same will go for the elbow, while wrist and fingers are often fisted.
What can untreated hypertonia lead to?
Untreated hypertonia can lead to loss of function and deformity. Treatment can include physical and/or occupational therapy or medications. Injections of botulism toxin (botox) are sometimes used in the treatment for chronic hypertonia in cerebral palsy and other disorders. Also known as spasticity.
How do you test for hypertonia?
CT scans or MRI scans – these detailed scans can be used to detect any nervous system damage or abnormalities. an EEG – a painless test that records brain activity using small electrodes placed on the scalp.
Can muscle tone be changed?
Low muscle tone CANNOT be changed. But your child’s muscle strength, motor control and physical endurance CAN be changed. What does it mean if my child has been described as having low muscle tone? For many children, low muscle tone is just how they are made.
How can you tell if a baby has cerebral palsy?
Possible signs in a child include:
- delays in reaching development milestones – for example, not sitting by 8 months or not walking by 18 months.
- seeming too stiff or too floppy (hypotonia)
- weak arms or legs.
- fidgety, jerky or clumsy movements.
- random, uncontrolled movements.
- muscle spasms.
- shaking hands (tremors)