How does low birth weight affect development?
Very low birth weight babies (less than 1500g) are at increased risk for chronic conditions such as respiratory problems, poor postnatal growth, cerebral palsy, and infections. These conditions increase the need for special education and services.
How can low birth weight affect the mother and child?
A baby with low birthweight may be at increased risk for complications. The baby’s tiny body is not as strong and he or she may have a harder time eating, gaining weight, and fighting infection. Because they have so little body fat, low birthweight babies often have difficulty staying warm in normal temperatures.
How does low birth weight affect the family?
Compared with parents of full-term controls, parents of children with birth weights less than 750 g reported lower perceptions of parenting competence, more difficulties related to child attachment, a more negative impact of the child’s health on the family, and higher rates of both child-related family stress and …
What is the outcome of low birth weight for most infants?
While the vast majority of low birth weight children have normal outcomes, as a group they generally have higher rates of subnormal growth, illnesses, and neurodevelopmental problems. These problems increase as the child’s birth weight decreases.
What does low birth weight indicate?
Very low birth weight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 3 pounds, 4 ounces. The main cause of very low birth weight is being born too early, called premature birth. Treatment for very low birth weight babies includes care in the NICU, temperature-controlled beds, and special feedings.
What causes low birth weight?
Some babies with low birthweight are healthy, even though they’re small. But having a low weight at birth can cause serious health problems for some babies. A baby who is very small at birth may have trouble eating, gaining weight and fighting off infections. Some may have long-term health problems, too.
Is 2 kg baby normal?
Babies weighing less than 1,500 grams (3 pounds, 5 ounces) at birth are considered very low birth weight. Babies who weigh less than 1,000 grams (2 pounds, 3 ounces) are extremely low birth weight.
What week is OK to give birth?
In general, infants that are born very early are not considered to be viable until after 24 weeks gestation. This means that if you give birth to an infant before they are 24 weeks old, their chance of surviving is usually less than 50 percent. Some infants are born before 24 weeks gestation and do survive.
Does stress cause low birth weight?
High levels of stress that continue for a long time may cause health problems, like high blood pressure and heart disease. During pregnancy, stress can increase the chances of having a premature baby (born before 37 weeks of pregnancy) or a low-birthweight baby (weighing less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces).
Does low birth weight relate to other issues later in life?
Other causes include fetal growth restriction and infection during pregnancy. Past studies have established that babies with a low birth weight are at increased risk of numerous health problems later in life, including obesity, hypertension, diabetes and heart disease.
Does small baby mean small person?
Babies who are born small for their gestational age (SGA) tend to remain small as children. This study tracked SGA babies past their adolescent growth . . . Babies who are born small for their gestational age (SGA) tend to remain small as children.