What happens if you get Listeria while pregnant?
During the first trimester of pregnancy, listeriosis may cause miscarriage. As the pregnancy progresses to third trimester, the mother is more at risk. Listeriosis can also lead to premature labor, the delivery of a low-birth-weight infant, or infant death.
How do you get rid of Listeria when pregnant?
How is it treated? Listeriosis is treated with antibiotics during pregnancy. These antibiotics, in most cases, will prevent infection to the fetus and newborn. These same antibiotics are also given to newborns with listeriosis.
How common is Listeria in pregnancy?
The incidence of listeriosis in pregnancy is 12 per 100,000, compared with a rate of 0.7 per 100,000 in the general population. The CDC monitors cases of listerial infection, and estimates that there were about 800 cases in 2007.
How do you know if you have Listeria pregnant?
Listeriosis can cause mild, flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, muscle aches, and diarrhea or upset stomach. You also may have a stiff neck, headache, confusion, or loss of balance. Symptoms may appear as late as 2 months after you have eaten something with Listeria. Many pregnant women do not have any symptoms.
Can a fetus survive Listeria?
Healthy people rarely become ill from listeria infection, but the disease can be fatal to unborn babies, newborns and people with weakened immune systems. Prompt antibiotic treatment can help curb the effects of listeria infection.
Has anyone had Listeria while pregnant?
Fortunately, the illness is rare: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 1,600 people contract listeriosis in the United States every year. About a sixth of reported cases occur in pregnant women.
How quickly does Listeria affect you?
People with invasive listeriosis usually report symptoms starting 1 to 4 weeks after eating food contaminated with Listeria; some people have reported symptoms starting as late as 70 days after exposure or as early as the same day of exposure.
Is Listeria rare in pregnancy?
Listeriosis is rare in non-pregnant healthy adults, but the infection is up to 20 times more common in pregnant women, according to a review in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Most pregnant women have no symptoms or problems from the infection. However, the fetus is highly susceptible to this type of bacterium.
What happens if you accidentally eat soft cheese when pregnant?
Well, it truly is dangerous. Unpasteurized soft cheeses may contain dangerous bacteria including the one that can cause fatal tuberculosis, and another one called Listeria, which can cross over into the placenta and lead to infections or blood poisoning in the baby, or even miscarriage.
How does Listeria cause stillbirth?
It is hypothesized that after ingestion of the contaminated food, the Listeria enters into the bloodstream through bacterial translocation, and then disseminates, having a particular predilection for the fetoplacental unit, causing fetal infection.