What are the complications of infants of diabetic mothers?
- Congenital heart defects.
- High bilirubin level (hyperbilirubinemia).
- Immature lungs.
- Neonatal polycythemia (more red blood cells than normal). This may cause a blockage in the blood vessels or hyperbilirubinemia.
- Small left colon syndrome. This causes symptoms of intestinal blockage.
What is seen in infants of diabetic mother?
Infants of diabetic mothers are prone to various neonatal adverse outcomes, including metabolic and hematologic disorders, respiratory distress, cardiac disorders and neurologic impairment due to perinatal asphyxia and birth traumas, among others.
What happens to a baby when the mother is diabetic?
Birth defects usually occur in the first trimester of pregnancy. Babies of diabetic mothers may have major birth defects in the heart and blood vessels, brain and spine, urinary system and kidneys, and digestive system. Macrosomia. This is the term for a baby that is much larger than normal.
Which is the most common birth defect in an infant of diabetic mother?
They followed 609 diabetic pregnancies and found that 3.6% of the women delivered infants with cardiovascular defects, the most common being transposition of great arteries, truncus arteriosus and tricuspid atresia. Janssen et al studied 1511 PGD cases, with congenital birth defects prevalence of 7.2%.
Can a diabetic mom have a healthy baby?
“If you’ve been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you can have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby, but the goal is to immediately start managing your blood glucose levels closely with a glucometer as soon you become aware of the issue,” explains Smith.
Why do infants of diabetic mothers get RDS?
The increased incidence of the idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS) in infants of diabetic mothers may be explained by preterm delivery and asphyxia but the metabolic derangement per se may also be responsible for the inadequate production of surfactant.
Can a diabetic woman have a baby?
A healthy pregnancy is certainly possible with diabetes, but it takes extra care. If you plan to get pregnant with type 2 diabetes, see your doctor first. You need a plan to keep your blood sugar level under control — and during pregnancy the goals for blood sugars are very different.
How can you tell if your baby has diabetes?
The signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children usually develop quickly, and may include:
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination, possibly bed-wetting in a toilet-trained child.
- Extreme hunger.
- Unintentional weight loss.
- Irritability or behavior changes.
- Fruity-smelling breath.
Are big babies diabetic?
Diabetes in the mother is the most common cause of babies who are large for gestational age. When a pregnant woman has high blood sugar, she can pass that along to her baby. In response, the baby’s body makes insulin. All the extra sugar and the extra insulin that is made can lead to fast growth and deposits of fat.